With so many technological advancements in the past few decades, software engineers have become integral to many companies. Moreover, as more tech companies and software startups enter the market, the demand for developers continues to grow. It is, therefore, essential for decision-makers at startups and tech companies to understand the software engineer's career path so they can make the best decisions when hiring engineers.
If your tech company is considering investing in software development, consider the potential career paths available for the developers you hire. This is because a software engineer career path is not a one-size-fits-all career. Rather, it's a versatile field, and the paths taken can vary greatly depending on individual experiences, interests, and career development plans.
This article will provide an overview of the software engineer career path, discussing what it entails and why it is a good career choice.
What Is a Software Engineer’s Career Path?
While there isn't a straightforward answer to this question, there are a few general trends in a software engineer’s career trajectory that many engineers follow. Software engineering is a field that requires strong technical knowledge, so many developers start their careers in junior engineer roles to learn the ropes and build their skills. As they gain experience, they can take on more complex roles and eventually move up the ranks to become senior software engineers, lead developers, or technical directors.
When hiring software engineers, it's essential to consider each career path for software engineers and which one they may want to follow. They may have interests in different areas, such as web development, mobile development, software applications, cloud computing, data science, and solutions engineering. Many software engineers also have different preferences for working in teams or independently.
Is Software Engineering a Good Career?
The short answer is yes — an engineer job can be extremely rewarding and lucrative. Here are a few reasons why software engineering is such a great career choice:
- Software developers are in high demand. The job outlook for software engineers is strong, and companies are always looking for talented developers. Qualified engineers can easily find work in any industry. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics has projected that employment opportunities will grow 25% in the next 10 years, much faster than other occupations.
- Software developers are well-paid. According to Glassdoor, developers in the U.S. earn an annual average salary of $95,227, potentially making even more depending on their experience, skill set, industry, and location.
- Software engineering is a versatile field. Engineers have the flexibility to work in any industry, which means they can explore different career paths and switch industries if they choose to. A software engineering role can also specialize in specific areas, such as web or game development.
- Software engineering is constantly evolving. The field continually changes, so developers must stay current on the latest trends and technologies. This can be an exciting challenge and is a great way to stay engaged in the field.
8 Software Engineer Career Paths
The software engineer career can take many different turns and paths, and the career ladder can look quite different depending on the individual engineer's job. However, generally speaking, there are a few common steps and job titles that you should expect most software developers to take on a software engineer career progression.
Entry-Level Software Engineer
Generally speaking, when you become a software engineer, you'll begin in an entry-level position. When hiring entry-level software engineers, thinking about technical and soft skills is important. In this position, software developers write code, help to build software, troubleshoot software issues, and debug programs. It's likely that they'll need a bachelor's degree in software development or information security, but that's not always necessary. Therefore, they should possess the following soft and technical knowledge:
- Familiarity with databases, software development frameworks, and software architecture
- Understanding of computer systems and networks
- Strong problem-solving and analytical skills
- Critical thinking
- Ability to work independently and in teams
- Excellent communication skills
Usually, for entry-level engineers to move up the ladder and begin working with mid-level software, they need to gain additional experience and qualifications as they develop projects alongside a team or a software engineering manager. More junior software engineers can do this by attending software engineering bootcamp or online courses to learn new coding languages and types of software development frameworks.
Senior Software Engineer
After gaining enough experience, software engineers typically can move up to a senior engineer role. Your software engineering team will likely have several senior software engineers overseeing software development and implementation. This is typically a highly specialized position that requires a more advanced level of expertise and technical skills, such as:
- Knowledge of multiple programming languages and frameworks
- Understanding of software design principles and coding best practices
- Experience with development processes and methodologies
- Familiarity with automation and testing tools
In addition, you should expect senior engineers to have more than just technical skills. They should have the following soft skills:
- Lead and mentor junior engineers
- Work with clients and stakeholders
- Drive innovation in the development teams
- Collaborate with different teams and departments
- Think critically, solve problems, and troubleshoot issues
Vice President of Engineering
Another rung on the software engineer career ladder is the vice president of engineering, who usually reports to the chief technology officer. This team leadership role requires more than just technical skills — it also requires strong strategic and management skills. The VP of engineering oversees entire software development teams and manages the development process. To successfully fill this role, you should hire a team leader who possesses the following soft and technical expertise:
- Strong leadership and management skills
- Excellent communication and interpersonal skills
- Ability to motivate, inspire, and direct team members
- Excellent organizational, planning, and problem-solving skills
- A broad knowledge of software engineering principles, processes, and methodologies
- Understanding of how to maintain computer systems, manage networks, and develop software architecture
- Experience with coding and scripting languages
Once a software engineer has progressed through the career ladder and gained enough experience, they may choose a software engineering path in DevOps. You may need to hire a DevOps developer if you're looking to optimize the development, testing, and deployment process of your software solutions or products. DevOps engineers typically have strong technical scripting, coding, system administration, and network engineering skills.
Full-stack engineers are software engineers with a broad range of technical expertise covering front-end and back-end development. This software engineer path is becoming increasingly popular due to the growing demand for versatile engineering professionals with deep coding and software development knowledge. To be successful in this role, the engineer should have the following software engineering skills:
- Strong technical background in scripting, coding, and web development
- Experience with various operating systems, such as Linux and Windows
- Familiarity with cloud computing services, such as Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, or Google Cloud Platform
- Knowledge of databases and software development frameworks
This is yet another software engineering career path you can expect a software engineer to take. Front-end engineers are responsible for developing the user interface (UI) and user experience (UX). This career path requires strong technical skills, such as:
- Understanding of UI/UX principles
- Experience with web development frameworks and libraries such as React, Angular, or Vue.js
- Familiarity with software design concepts, such as accessibility and scalability
- The ability to debug, troubleshoot, and optimize code
Back-End Software Engineer
Back-end software engineers are responsible for the server side of the web development process. This software engineering option can include developing APIs, databases, servers, and other back-end systems. Software engineers who choose this career path should have the following skills:
- Knowledge of scripting and coding languages such as PHP, Java, Node.js, and Python
- Experience with databases such as MySQL, MongoDB, and PostgreSQL
- Understanding of software development frameworks, such as Laravel and Express.js
- Familiarity with web services and cloud computing platforms
Cloud engineers are responsible for managing and optimizing a company's cloud infrastructure. Software engineers who choose this career path should have strong technical expertise in cloud computing, such as:
- Knowledge of cloud computing platforms like Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP)
- Familiarity with DevOps tools for automation, monitoring, and configuration management
How to Hire Software Engineers for Your Team
Software engineering career paths look different for individual engineers, so it's essential for you, as a decision-maker in your tech company, to understand what the candidate's ideal trajectory looks like and if it aligns with the roles within your engineering team. To hire the right software engineers, you must look for candidates with technical and soft skills that fit your team's needs.
Revelo can help you hire the right software engineers for your team. Our service matches companies with the best pre-vetted remote software engineers in Latin America, making it easier and faster to find talent. We source, screen, and match you with software engineers who align with your needs. All you do is choose the right candidate for your job, and Revelo will take care of the rest, from managing payroll, taxes, and local compliance to offering best-in-class benefits and handling onboarding. Contact us to start building your software engineering team today.